Many flows in environmental and industrial settings can be characterized as ‘shallow’, with the typical horizontal scales being much larger than the vertical size of the flow domain. Examples are flows in rivers, estuaries, the coastal region, fresh water reservoirs, but also flows in settling chambers for water treatment and large-scale ocean and atmospheric flows. Shallowness implies a rather specific flow dynamics. The purpose of this course is to offer an overview of various aspects of shallow flows: fundamental as well as applied aspects, and numerical as well as laboratory studies and field observations. Topics that will be addressed are, for example, laboratory and numerical studies of fundamental processes and transport mechanisms in shallow mixing layers, wakes, jets, and open channels. Also, transport of heat, solutes, and pollutants in canonical shallow flows and generic flow configurations will be discussed. Other topics are sediment transport and morphodynamics, which are relevant features of environmental shallow flows, such as occurring in the coastal area, in estuaries, and in harbours. The course will be delivered by a number of internationally recognized experts.
The aim of the course is to give a wide overview of various aspects of shallow flows. No specific prior knowledge of geophysical or environmental fluid dynamics is required, although it is assumed that the participants have a general background in fluid dynamics