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Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Purpose and focus of SIG

Environmental Fluid Mechanics(EFM) traditionally focuses on physical and biogeochemical processes involved with mixing and dispersion in coastal area, lakes, reservoirs, rivers and in the atmospheric boundary layer. Environmental fluid mechanics is a challenging discipline, because it involves, at the same time, deep knowledge of fundamental processes, like, among the others, turbulence in stratified and rotating systems, shallow flows, vortex dynamics, dynamics of jets and plumes,turbulence closures, wave phenomena, development of numerical algorithms (DNS,LES, RANS, IBM), basic knowledge of biological and chemical transformations inwater and air, and application of this theoretical knowledge toapplicative problems.

The main scope of SIG5 is to bring togethers cientists and practitioners participating within this EFM networkto exploit problems and ideas to be developed within a European environment.

The following topics will be of interests to the SIG5:


Thermal convection, stable stratification, rotating systems, shallow flows, dynamics of jets and plumes,Lagrangian dispersion, turbulence closure for environmental applications, wave phenomena, dynamics of the stable boundary layer, sediment transport, biological and chemical transformations in environmental flows, bridging scales in environmental applications (from DNS to LES and RANS),dedicated numerical algorithms, experimental technique in small scale laboratories and in real fields.


-         Air quality prediction and analysis:

          Heat islands (urban areas), dispersion in build environment from aerosols

          to large-scale turbulence, chemical transformations in the atmospheric

          boundary layer,wind turbines efficiency and their own environmental impact.

-         Water quality prediction and analysis:

            Water reprocessing, sediment transport, management of coastal areas and 

            lakes, biological transformations and chemical reactions in water basins,

           water discharge in water basins, water turbines for energy production.

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